George III - Ruled 1760-1820

The grandson of George II, the coins of George III consist of two primary groups, 1760-1815  and 1816-1820. This was a period of great change both in the British Empire and in it's coinage. After the death of George II in 1760 no copper coinage was struck for regular circulation until the halfpenny annd farthing issues of 1770-1775. In addition there was only a single issue of silver prior to the great recoinage of 1816, being Shillings and Sixpence, in 1787. This shortage led directly to the large issues of token farthings and halfpennies in the 1790's, and the issue of silver tokens and Bank of England tokens in the period up to 1816.

Farthings

1773 MS65 BN. Struck from extremely rusted dies, none the less well struck and quite attractive.

1799, MS64 RB, well struck and very attractive color.

1806 Farthing, MS66 BN.

1806 Farthing, Gilt PF 64 Cameo.

1806 (Ireland) Farthing PF65 BN, I don't want to upset either the Irish or the Brits but I consider this part of my British collection.

Halfpennies

1770 Halfpenny, MS63 RB.

1771 Halfpenny, MS66 RB, the finest graded for this date (populaton 1/0), and tied with  for finest graded of the type. Very well struck and with attractive surfaces.

1772 Halfpenny, MS65 RD, a really wonderful strike on this one.

1772 Halfpenny, MS64 BN, Georius error in legend, a scarce variety

1773 Halfpenny, MS66 BN, a bit of mint red remaining in the devices.

1774 Halfpenny, MS64 BN

1775 Halfpenny MS64 BN, well struck and with a considerable amount of mint red remaining.

1788 Halfpenny pattern PF61, this is P-940 (early Soho) in Gilt copper, rated EXR (exceedingly rare) by Peck. Currently the only one graded. I have shown the image so all the hairlines show, in hand it is a wonderfull coin to look at.

1788 Halfpenny pattern, PF66, P-966 (late Soho) in brown gilt, listed by Peck as Very Scarce. A really lovely specimen.

1788 Halfpenny pattern, PF65 BN, P-1005 in bronzed copper, one of the Taylor restrikes. Listed by Peck as Rare.

1790 Halfpenny Bronzed Proof Pattern P-971, PF65BN.

 

1794 Halfpenny Token, DH30, MS65 BN, an attractive example of the token halfpennies struck throughout the period due to the very limited amount of Royal coinage issued.

1795 Halfpenny Bronzed Proof Pattern P1095, PF64BN, another of the Soho mint products.

1799 Halfpenny, MS65 BN, the regular issue coin of 1799. While the Soho mint had recieved a contract to mint pennies and two penny pieces in 1797, this was the first year they received a contract for halfpennies.

1799 Halfpenny Proof P1234, PF64 BN

1805 Halfpenny Pattern P1309 (Restrike), PF64 BN. Note that no regular issue coins were issued in 1805. This is a restrike by Taylor after he had acquired the Soho dies in a sale of the companies equipment.

1805 (Ireland) Halfpenny, PF65 BN.

1806 Halpenny Gilt Proof, PF64 Ultracameo

1806 Halfpenny MS66 BN, no berries on reverse.

1806 Halfpenny MS66 RB, 3 berries on reverse.

1807 Halfpenny, MS66 BN

Pennies

1797 Pattern Penny, P-1097, MS 63 BN, rare, a huge piece of copper.

1797 Penny, MS 61BN, this is the standard design issued for use.

1805 (Ireland) Penny, PF65 BN.

1806 Penny, PR65 BN, Bronzed Copper, P1326, late Soho.

1807 Penny, MS66 BN, copper.

Sixpence (6d)

1787 with Hearts in Shield, MS65.

1787 No Hearts in Shield, MS63.

1787 Proof with hearts, ESC 1627, PF65.  ESC lists this as R2, Very Rare.

1787 ESC 1628 (Heavy Flan) PF55. ESC lists this as R4, 11-20 known and I believe it's on the low side of the estimated population.

 

1788 (No Date) Sixpence pattern obverse die trial. Extremely rare, unlisted in ESC and probably no more than a handful of pieces existing. This is the same type as ESC 1642, but with no reverse strike.

1790 Sixpence Pattern, PF63. Engraved by Droz , ESC 1645, very similar to the ESC 1642 type but smaller.

1791 Sixpence Pattern in copper, PF63 BN. Another pattern by Droz with a different version of Britannia and the date in exergue, ESC 1649, rated as R2-very rare. Much rarer than the silver pattern above, this piece is Ex Herman Selig collection sold by Spink in 1999.

1816 Sixpence, MS65 and nicely toned.

1817 Sixpence, proof, PF63. ESC 1633, rated as R2, Very Rare.

1817 Sixpence, MS65

1819 Sixpence, MS65, with dark but attractive toning.

1820 Sixpence, MS65 with really lovely toning.

Shillings (12d)

1787 Shilling, AU58, available in two versions, with and without semmee of hearts in shield. 1787 was the only year of an issue of currency silver until the great recoinage of 1816. A small issue of so-called Northumberland Shillings was issued in 1763 when the Earl of Northumberland was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. That issue featured a young bust of George III and had a mintage of approximately 2,976.

1816 Shilling, MS65

1817 Shilling, MS65

1817 Shilling, MS63, R over E in Geor. This particular variety is somewhere between scarce and rare, currently (Mid-2010) the only one graded at NGC.

1819 Shilling, MS67. A common coin in an uncommon grade, population 2/0.

1819 Shilling, MS64, 9/8 in date. A scarce variety with wonderful rich blue toning.

1820 Shilling, MS63, this variety with the unbarred H in HONI. Not particularly scarce so not worth a premium.

Bank of England Tokens

At the beginning of the 19th C. the state of the finances in Great Britain was dire. War with Napolean had bled the country for many years and the Royal Mint had not had a regular issue of silver coinage since 1787. With the Royal Mint unable to supply the country with coins the Bank of England was authorized to issue Bank of England tokens in various denomination which were struck by BOulton at his Soho Mint.

1811 Eighteen pence (1Shilling 6 pence) Armored Bust, MS66. A Bank of England token issued during the early 19th C. in response to the lack of coinage being issued by the Crown. This is the first type with armored bust.

1811 Eighteen Pence (1 Shilling 6 pence) Armored Bust, PF63 Cameo/ Proofs are available for 1811 and 1812, although a little on the scarce side they are not really rare.


1812 Eighteen Pence (1 Shilling 6 pence) Armored Bust MS65.

1812 Eighteen Pence (1 Shilling 6 pence) Laureate Head Proof Pattern. These are rated as R7 (1-2 known) in ESC but most likely 3-5 examples are floating around. In any case they are extremely rare.

1812 Eighteen Pence (1Shilling 6 pence) Laureate Head MS66 and nicely toned to my eye.

1813 Eighteen Pence (1Shilling 6 Pence), MS65. The second type of this issue.

1814 Eighteen Pence (1 Shilling 6 Pence), MS65.

1815 Eighteen Pence (1 Shilling 6 pence), MS64.

1816 Eighteen Pence (1 Shilling 6 Pence), MS64.

1812 3 Shilling MS65.

1804 5 Shillings (one Dollar), the regular currency issue, MS63 toned in grey and gunmetal blue.

1804 5 Shillings (One Dollar), PF63. Another of the semi-official Bank of England tokens. I have represented the proofs with a Bronzed Copper Proof, although they are more readily available in silver.

A large number of counterstamped foreign silver was also in circulation during the late 18th and e. 19th C., as well as the wonderful Bank of England Dollars overstruck on various foreign silver.

Medals

1798 Victories Medal, MS 62, Gilt Bronze. Really a lovely piece of medallic art, commemorating battle victories of 1798 including The Battle of the Nile, still considered one of the most important sea battles in History and the one that elevated Lord Nelson to history.

1820 Death of George III, PF 65 BN, bronze.